Caring for your New Puppy

 
Vet Appointment
Your puppy should be checked by a vet within 72 hours of purchase.  Your puppy received several vacinations and worming treatments while here with us.  We give Pro-Guard 5 and Neopar here to vacinate them.  Please show the medical records to the vet and ask for his recommendations.  It is very important to follow his vacination schedule!   Puppies grow very quickly and must be vacinated frequently.  Here at our place, we use Panacure and Nemex to worm them.  They should not have any worms left by the time they go home.  But, it is always a good idea to take a fresh stool sample to your vet and have it checked for parasites, just in case. 
 
Stress
Your new puppy will experience stress when you 1st bring him home.  The 1st night is ussually the worst.  I highly recommend letting him sleep with you for the 1st couple of nights to help him adapt to his new home.  At the very least, allow him to be next to your bed, in a puppy crate.  Your presence will reassure him!  Do not allow him to cry for hours upon hours.  Puppies can quite literally cry themselves to death.  A little crying is OK, just not hours.  Taking some time off work to help him adjust is very much recommended and definitely makes house training much smoother.  Do not leave the puppy alone during the day until he has completely adjusted to his new home. 
 
Coccidiosis (aka Coccidia)
The 1st sign of stress is a loose stool.  1st it gets loose, then mucousy or even a tint of blood may appear in it.  This is very curable!  This is what we call Coccidiosis.  It is a protozoa that is dormant like in the intestines.   It is commonly refered to as a parasite, but is indeed a protozoa.  When a puppy gets upset, the protozoa become active and multiply to quickly and irritate the intestinal lining which causes the loose stool, mucus and blood.  If ignored, it can be very serious and fatal.  Therefore, it must be treated right away.
 
Must vets prescribe Albon.  It is given orally for about 10 days.  It is remarkable how quickly it takes affect.  Within 24 hours usually you will see a big change.  If the problem is ignored, a puppy can go downhill rather quickly to vomiting, lethargy and dehydration.  The smaller the puppy, the quicker you loose them.  Although it is scarey, this problem can be treated.  Time is critical, Do not wait too long to go to the vet.
 
Training
I highly recommend crate training.  No puppy should be allowed to freely roam the house until he is completely housetrained.  Watch them at all times!  If you see them running in circles, squatting, Take him to the potty place.  It is a huge mistake, to allow the puppy too much freedom before they are mature enough to handle it.  Start with a crate, then gradually work up.  IE:  small bathroom, then kitchen, then bedroom, then living room.
 
Here at our farm, puppies learn to eliminate on papers, often newspapers.  I give every owner a sample of paper with potty on it.  Place this on your potty area.   For Iggys, I recommend indoor potty pads.  They have a strong adversion to cold, rain and snow outside.  For beagles,  place on the grass outside.    Puppies will smell this used paper and “Know” what to do when you place them there.  Wipe their privates after going with a tissue.  Put the tissue on the potty area the next time for the pup to smell it.  Do this 5 or 6 times and they will get the idea where to place their potty.
 
Always take them to potty before putting in crate, after meal times and naptimes, and after releasing them from crate time.  Once in middle of night is beneficial also.
 
Feeding
All puppies should be fed 2 or 3 times per day.  Do not leave the food out continually.  This teaches them when to eat and greatly aids in housetraining.  Here at our farm, we feed M&K, a dog food sold locally to breeders only.  Gradually transfer the puppy to your brand.  Start with 75% mine and 25% yours.  Next time, make it 50% and 50%.  Gradually increase your brand of dog food.  There will most likely be some diareaha with the change, but this should ease the transition on their little tummies.  Generally you get what you pay for when you buy dogfood.  I do recommend Eukanuba, Royal Canin and Top end of Diamond.  Always buy the puppy formula.  It has much needed protein for little puppies.
 
Do’s and Don’ts
Be sure to always praise your puppy and give him a treat when he does something Right!  Use a stern, lower voice when scolding.  I know they can be frusterating at times, but do Not physically harm them in any way.  Remember, they will learn, if you are truly consistant in teaching them.  Do not give up, keep on training.  It will eventually take hold!! 
 
Puppies sleep a lot so make sure you have a sleeping area for your puppy.  A blanket, towel or doggie bed in a corner of the room will work very well.  The crate is also a safe place for puppy to sleep.  Once crate training is over, you can always remove the door and use it for a bed for puppy.  Dogs like small, confined spaces like this, it makes them feel safe.
 
Children should always be supervised when playing with a puppy.  Children should always be required to sit on the floor when holding a puppy.  It is much safer, should the puppy choose to dive out of their arms.
 
Never leave a puppy unattended on furniture.  The pup might try to jump and brake some bones.    Never leave your puppy on a sofa or bed unattended. 
 
Dangerous or Toxic foods to avoid:  Chocolate, things high in caffeine, raisins, grapes, and fatty foods with the skin on.  Drain the fat off of beef or pork.
 
If you have any questions, Contact Us